Archive for the ‘Wolfgang Musculus’ Category

Musculus on the Unity of the Covenant of Grace

November 28, 2008

Christology and Predestination in Reformed Theology from Calvin to PerkinsI’ve been slowly working through Richard Muller’s Christ and the DecreeIt is always humbling reading Muller as the range and grasp of his historical understanding is monumental.  If you want to know about Christology and Predestination in reformed thought from Calvin to Perkins then you need to read this book.  However by way of warning, to understand Muller a substantial dictionary is required (think sesquipedalian) as well as a copy of his Dictionary of Latin and Greek Theological Terms.

Anyway as part of reading this book I came across this helpful quote on the unity of the covenant of grace from the little known (today) reformed theologian Wolfgang Musculus (enjoy!):

There are three principal times which embrace the whole world: the first which was before the law, the second under the law, the third after the law.  Then also there are three designated persons, the leaders of the separate times, Abraham, Moses, Christ.  And each time had its own dispensation [administration] of religion, which is called in scripture berith, i.e., pactum or foedus.  It does not follow, however, that there are three substantially distinct covenants (foedera) as far as the salvation of mankind is concerned.  There is one God and Father of all, who is above all and through all and in all. There is one Lord, saviour and redeemer of all, Christ Jesus; one Holy Spirit; one kingdom of the elect and blessed prepared since the beginning of the world; one grace of heavenly calling; one faith; one hope of life eternal; there is one body, one people, and one universal church of the elect properly so-called, which from the beginning of the world to its end embraces all the elect and the faithful: and (thus) there is a single and perpetual covenant of God with the elect in all things firm and sure, and there is one ongoing worship (pietas) and justification of believers.  Truly, the dispensation of this one covenant, grace, faith, church, religion and worship is not one and perpetual: rather it has been instituted in several ways and according to the quality of the times by the counsel of divine wisdom.
Wolfgang Musculus, Loci Communes, Chapter 14, p133b